Experiments on localization accuracy with non-individual and individual HRTFs comparing static and dynamic reproduction methods
* Presenting author
Binaural reproduction can be used in listening experiments under real-life conditions to achieve a high realism and good reproducibility. In recent years a clear trend to more individual reproduction can be observed as the ability to measure individual head-related-transfer-functions (HRTFs) is becoming more widespread. The question of the accuracy and reproduction methods needed for a realistic playback however has not been sufficiently answered. To evaluate an appropriate approach for binaural reproduction via headphones different head-related-transfer-functions (HRTFs) and reproduction methods were compared. In a listening test 14 explicitly trained participants were asked to localize eleven sound sources positioned in the right hemisphere using the proximal pointing method. Binaural stimuli based on individually measured HRTFs were compared to those of an artificial head in a static reproduction of stimuli and in three dynamic reproduction methods of different resolutions (5°, 2.5° and 1°). Unsigned errors in azimuth and elevation as well as front-back-confusions and in-head-localization were observed. Dynamic reproduction of any resolution applied turned out fundamental for a reduction of undesired front-back-confusions and in-head-localization. Individually measured HRTFs showed a smaller effect on localization accuracy compared to the influence of dynamic sound reproduction. They were mainly observed to reduce the front-back-confusion rate.